Dental dictionary

This dental encyclopaedia is a summary of the services we offer at our practice.

 

  • Adhesive bridges
  • Aesthetic dentistry
    This area of dentistry covers treatment of teeth and gums with the aim of making them more aesthetically appealing. Treatment can range from regular dental cleaning to a complete smile makeover. Owing to years of practical experience abroad and scientific work in this field, we can provide excellent advice and treatment.
  • Aftercare 
    Aftercare refers to follow up appointments after treatment. Thanks to regular check-ups we can detect problems early and address them. Aftercare is just as important as pre-planning when it comes to guaranteeing a lasting result.
  • Amalgam removal
    Despite the lack of scientific proof of the adverse effects of amalgam fillings, a large number of patients want to have these fillings replaced for aesthetic reasons. When removing the filling(s) we cover your teeth by using a dental dam (also known as “Kofferdam”) that helps protect your entire mouth from the amalgam that is released in the process. When we recommend a filling as replacement, we give you a five-year warranty (excluding fillings of the neck of the tooth).
  • Aphtae (painful blister in the mouth)
    The causes of aphtea remain unknown. It is assumed that genetic predispositions and viruses are among the main causes. In most cases treating aphtea is limited to applying ointments for pain relief. Administering laser treatment and similar treatment options have failed to prove effective in scientific trials.
  • Apicoectomy 
    Refers to cutting the tip of the root of a tooth that has been subjected to root canal filling. This is done by opening up the gum. Due to this therapy only having a 50% success rate we do not use it. Our alternatives include retreatment or extracting a tooth and replacing it with an implant.
  • Augmentation
    This usually refers to the process of building up tissue. In dentistry this term tends to refer to building up bone or gum. This is done to better embed implants, to make them look better and to protect them.
  • Bone augmentation 
    Bone augmentation refers to a deposition process of artificial bone onto existing bone. This is to make up for missing bone material. This is often used in implantology. The bone mass may be inserted directly along with your implant or separately. Your own bone or artificial bone may be used for augmentation.
  • Bridges
  • Caries treatment
  • Crowns
  • Coffer dam 
    Refers to a cover for the teeth, a type of rubber foil. This is used to prevent contamination of your mouth and to prevent this from having an impact on the dental work being undertaken. This type of cover is also used when removing amalgam fillings. This is to make sure that no amalgams enter your body.
  • Cysts 
    Cysts are connective tissue above a hollow area that is filled with a liquid. Their formation may be due to reasons relating to your teeth or tooth formation organs. Cysts tend to be pain-free as long as they have not become infected. Due to dental cysts being pain-free they are often “side discoveries” of X-rays. Cysts must always be removed because they grow.
  • Dental surgery
    The term dental surgery refers to any surgery in the mouth. Extracting teeth, gum surgery, implants, bone augmentation or plastic surgery all fall into this category. Generally speaking, we offer every dental surgery you could ever need at our practice. What exactly it is that you need is best discussed in person.
  • Dental trauma (knocked out teeth) 
    In the event of dental trauma, for example a broken tooth, you must come and see us as soon as possible. We can usually return a knocked out tooth to its place. Due to the fact that the cells of the tooth's root dry out within 30 minutes, it is vital that you keep the tooth humid. Never touch the bottom of the tooth, the root. Make sure you only touch the upper section of the tooth. Ideally you should try and carry the tooth in a tooth rescue box. This is available from your local pharmacy. The box contains a cell nutrient solution. In these conditions a tooth can be kept alive for up to 24 hours. If you do not have a professional tooth rescue box, you can also keep the tooth in cold UHT milk.
  • Dentist phobia 
    Some patients are extremely afraid of dentists. We have invested in state-of-the-art technology allowing us to treat phobic patients easily and virtually pain free. Moreover, we consult with you regarding the duration and intensity of your treatment. This means that you can interrupt or stop the treatment at any time. Consultations are held in a relaxed atmosphere outside the consultation room. We also offer treatments under different kinds of pain relief.
  • Dental aesthetics 
    Please see aesthetic dentistry.
  • Dentures
  • Diagnosis of benign and malign tumours
    We always keep an eye on the soft tissue surrounding your teeth. We stop unregulated and malign growth in your oral tissue, and we nip this growth in the bud.
  • Direct fillings
  • Face bow
    A face bow is a device that individually determines the position of your jaw in relation to your head. This device also provides data for models. This is helpful in tailoring dental treatment procedures.
  • Full prosthesis
  • Full restoration 
    We usually speak about full restoration / dental restoration in cases of patients who need comprehensive treatment. It goes without saying that these treatments will be administered under pain relief. In most cases we will have a lot of treatments spread over a few sessions.
  • Functional analysis
    Functional analysis refers to an analysis of the chewing process. Obstacles or disrupted jaw occlusion and jaw movement may result in the following symptoms: headache, tension, problems in the area of the jaw joints or the chewing muscles. We check your teeth and pay attention to the above when constructing extensive dental prostheses.
  • Fungal infections 
    Fungal infections may be the result of antibiotics that have been taken for a long time or they may be due to immunodeficiency. Your regular oral flora changes. Fungal infections like these can easily be cured by using certain tests and medication.
  • Germ analysis 
    We analyse bacteria that may cause inflammation in a germ analysis. Any treatment can then be tailored to combat these germs. For germ analysis we take a smear of the inflammation to be examined at our laboratory. Any treatment or medication (eg antibiotics) will be based on their findings.
  • Gum augmentation / gum transplantation 
    Gum augmentation or gum transplantation are two terms referring to the augmentation of the gums. In this treatment your own gum tissue may be used. Alternatively, artificial materials may also be used. This treatment usually serves the purpose of embellishment or protection of existing structures.
  • Grinding 
    See jaw joint and masticatory muscle therapy.
  • Implants
  • Indirect fillings
  • Intraoral camera
    As part of every check-up and every treatment we take pictures of your teeth. We use these images to show you what the problem is and to discuss treatment options with you. Transparency and information are two key aspects of successful treatments. We give you the information. You make your decision.
  • Jaw joint and masticatory muscle therapy
    Stress or malocclusion of your jaws may result in pressing or grinding teeth in your sleep. Your teeth lose substance, tension and pain may start radiating from the jaw joint. The treatment consists of determining the cause of the grinding. This is usually combined with the use of what is called a Michigan grinding guard to soothe your jaw joint and your muscles.
  • Local anaesthesia 
    In local anaesthesia the patient is injected near the nerve with a liquid that blocks the transmission of pain. An extremely thin needle and creams have made the syringe a lot less scary.
  • Local inflammation of mucous 
    The reasons for local inflammation of mucous may be varied. Please do take this seriously. This will help you prevent severe problems later on.
  • Minimal invasive preparation 
    Minimal invasive preparation refers to being easy on the dental substance when drilling. The idea is to remove as little healthy dental substance as possible. This is in contrast to earlier approaches in which dentists tried to insert the biggest possible filling in the hope that this will help reduce the risk of tooth decay.
  • Minimal invasive therapies 
    Minimal invasive therapies are based on the idea that as little tissue (eg teeth or gums) as possible should be damaged. This is what we use in other types of surgery or when sealing teeth. Anaesthesia or drilling are not even necessary.
  • Model impression partial prostheses
  • Modern root canal treatment/endodontics
  • Mock-up 
    A mock-up is an imitation of your finished denture and it shows you what the result at the end of your treatment might look like. For this we produce an impression of your teeth that is then sent to our dental technician. Our dental technician will then use wax to imitate the natural shape and function of your teeth (this is called wax-up). He or she then produces a tray with provisional plastic material to be temporarily fixed in your mouth. This is when you see the end result of your treatment.
  • Pain 
    In this day and age you no longer need to be afraid of dentists. All of our treatments can be administered under local anaesthesia (see local anaesthesia) so that you will never feel any pain. Relax.
  • Partial prostheses
  • Partial skeleton denture with clasps
  • Periodontal diseases / parodontitis therap
  • Prevention and hygiene
  • Professional prevention 
    Professional prevention at our practice not only includes prevention and reduction of risks. It also helps us in other dental disciplines, such as nutritional counselling or counselling for brushing habits. It is our aim to keep your teeth healthy for a long time to come.
  • Professional bleaching
  • Prostheses on a wire clip
  • Recall/check-ups 
    Check-ups at regular intervals (eg routine check-ups twice a year) are important in detecting diseases early. They are also vital in keeping any dental work you might have had in perfect condition. We offer you a recall service. Lead a life without any dental problems.
  • Repairing teeth through magnetic extrusion 
    In the early days of dentistry extraction was the only option for a patient with a broken off tooth. Since the advent of magnetic extrusion we are usually able to preserve these teeth. Magnetic extrusion is a special procedure allowing us to save viable parts of the remaining dental root. Following deep-reaching fractures a maxillo-facial magnet is used for a duration of around four weeks to slowly extract the remainder of the root from the jaw. This is pain free. We can then restore the tooth by using a crown.
  • Sedation/analgosedation 
    Sedation is a way of numbing the function of the central nervous system by using a sedative. If painkillers are administered at the same time this is called analgosedation. We offer both sedation and analgosedation. Sedation also allows for more extensive treatment in one session.
  • Smile makeover 
    The term smile makeover refers to the complete makeover of a patient's teeth for the purpose of making them more beautiful. In most cases we use veneers (ceramic covers) for this. As part of this treatment the shape, colour and position of a patient's teeth and much more can be changed.
  • Synoptic treatment concept 
    A synoptic treatment concept is a modern prosthetic treatment concept. It comprises all preparations, prosthetic treatment and regular aftercare. The idea being to optimise your dental care. It also helps prevent complications.
  • Tooth and jaw positioning 
    Tooth and jaw positioning are a traditional field within orthodontics. In this area we work with a range of partners and we can combine orthodontics with other treatments.
  • Veneers
  • Wax-up 
    Wax-up refers to the imitation of the correct form and function of the teeth and /or the gums in a model of your teeth. For this we produce an impression of your teeth. This impression is then passed on to our dental technician. Our dental technician will then produce a wax model of the natural shape and function of your teeth based on this wax-up.
  • What to do after being administered local anaesthesia 
    Following treatment under local anaesthesia it is best to wait until the anaesthesia has completely gone away. Otherwise you may risk biting your cheek or you might get burned when drinking a hot drink. Please do not drive. Your insurance does not cover driving under the influence of anaesthesia.
  • What to do after your surgery
  • What to do before your surgery
  • Tooth extraction
  • Tooth implants
  • Toothache
    Please refer to the section on emergency treatment.
  • Telescopic denture
  • X-ray
  • Warranty
  • Wedge-shaped lesions 
    Splinters of tooth enamel on the outside of the teeth, resulting from pressing or grinding teeth may cause what is termed wedge-shaped lesions. Right under the tooth enamel is the soft part of the tooth. Strong brushing may hollow out the tooth. We recommend a filling to address this along with a bite tray to be worn at night.
  • Wisdom tooth extraction
    Wisdom teeth tend to be at the very back of the row of your teeth. Wisdom teeth may make their breakthrough when you are between 16 and 40 years old. Our nutrition these days has a negative impact on the position and arrangement of wisdom teeth, resulting in further damage. Extracting wisdom teeth is a completely trouble-free standard procedure in dentistry.

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