Gum corrections

A beautiful bright white smile captivates not only because of the teeth, but also with healthy and beautiful gums. Long and exposed tooth necks, receding gums, discoloration of the gums or even too much gum can disturb the aesthetic appearance of the teeth. With minimally invasive corrections of the gums we can eliminate these blemishes.

The first step to a perfect aesthetic result is either an imitation of the final situation on a stone plaster model (known as a wax-up) or a virtual aesthetic plan (Digital Smile Design®). We can not only analyse the problems in the best possible way and determine the necessary corrections, but also simulate the aesthetic changes before the actual treatment and discuss them with you.

When is a gum correction the right choice?

The look and health of your gums — known to dentists as gingiva — are influenced by factors such as hereditary components, oral hygiene and lifestyle. Depending on the cause and the diagnosis we decide together with you which gum correction technique is best for you. We perform a treatment in these situations:

  • Excessive gums: the teeth appear very small. When you smile the gingiva becomes visible, which is why we call it "gummy smile".
  • Receeding gums: the teeth are longer than normal, the necks of the teeth are exposed. Patients experience sensitive to warm, cold, sour and sweet.
  • Uneven gum distribution: patients have too much gums on some teeth and too little on other teeth.

Despite all these possibilities in aesthetical surgery, in most cases gum surgery is necessary because of dental conditions, eg:

  • Placing free gingival grafts to support or re-create attached gingiva to prevent further gum loss or inflammations around teeth and implants
  • Transplanting connective tissue grafts to stabilise the gum situation around teeth or implants
  • When you have periodontitis

How do gum treatments work?

We perform all procedures microsurgically and under local anaesthesia. After about a week, the healing process is complete and we can remove the sutures. You will see the final result after about four to eight weeks.

Excess gums are painlessly removed using a scalpel or electrotome. Afterwards we perform a plastic correction of your gums so that a harmonious tooth shape is created. If your teeth are still too small after the plastic gum correction we can visually enlarge them with veneers. In this way we bring the relationship of lips, gums and teeth back into balance.

There are two ways of reducing gum disease. First, we can extract tissue from the palate and transplant it to the exposed neck of the tooth. The tissue heals there, replacing the missing gums. In the second method we loosen the existing gums and stretch them so that they can cover the exposed tooth necks again after some time. For patients with uneven gum distribution we combine these procedures.

Gum surgery — re-establishing the balance

Asymmetric gums can be corrected through surgery. Our video shows how this treatment works.

More questions?

Find answers to the most frequently asked ones below, or contact us for a personal consultation.


FAQs: Aesthetic Dentistry

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